Learning disabilities, or learning disorders, are an umbrella term for a wide variety of learning problems. A learning disability is not a problem with intelligence or motivation. Kids with learning disabilities aren’t lazy or dumb. In fact, most are just as smart as everyone else. Their brains are simply wired differently. This difference affects how they receive and process information.
   LD is not a disease entity. It is believed to be a processing deficit in the Central nervous system. It is not a single disorder but a term that refers to a group of disorders.
It is believed to be a neurological disorder that affects the brain's ability to receive, process, store and respond to information [disorder of the CNS, which effects mental processing]. The
main indicator of LD is a significant difference between the expected ability of an individual and his performance. The term learning disability is used to describe the seeming unexplained difficulty a person of at least average intelligence has in acquiring basic academic skills
The important thing to remember is that most kids with learning disabilities are just as smart as everyone else. They just need to be taught in ways that are tailored to their unique learning styles. By learning more about learning disabilities in general, and your child’s learning difficulties in particular, you can help pave the way for success at school and beyond.
Types of Learning disability

       Some types of learning disabilities are categorized by the cognitive processing problem. This means your child may have issues with one of the following:
    Attention – The ability to stay on task in a sustained, selective, or divided way.
    Working Memory – The ability to retain and process information for short time periods.
    Processing Speed – The rate at which the brain handles information.
    Long-Term Memory – The ability to both store and recall information for later use.
    Visual Processing – The ability to perceive, analyze, and think in visual images.
    Auditory Processing – The ability to perceive and conceptualize what is heard.
    Logic and Reasoning – The ability to reason, prioritize, and plan.

What causes Learning Disability?

       It is almost universally accepted that learning disorders are the result of varying types of malfunctions in the way the brain operates. Unfortunately, there is very little information on what actually causes these malfunctions.

        Smoking or excessive alcohol consumption or drug use by a mother during pregnancy, may be at least partially responsible for certain learning and behavioral disorders. After birth, exposure to second-hand smoke can also affect a child's brain development as can an infection involving the central nervous system, physical trauma or poor nutrition.
There has been a lot of media attention given to rumors that an ingredient used in childhood vaccinations, thimerosal, may be a contributing factor in the case of autism. While scientific studies have not completely ruled this out, the evidence so far is heavily weighted against it being true. It should also be noted that thimerosal was removed from vaccination formulations in 2001 and the rate of autism spectrum disorders being diagnosed has not changed markedly.
Learning and behavioral disorders seem to run in families so it seems they may have a genetic component, meaning they seem to be inherited.

Problems during pregnancy and birth - LD may be caused by illness or injury during or before birth. It may also be caused by drug and alcohol use during pregnancy, low birth weight, lack of oxygen and premature or prolonged labor.
Incidents after birth - Head injuries, nutritional deprivation and exposure to toxic substances (i.e. lead) can contribute to LD.  Learning disabilities are NOT caused by economic disadvantage, environmental factors or cultural differences. In fact, there is frequently no apparent cause for LD.

Signs and symptoms of Learning Disability

         Learning disabilities look very different from one child to another. One child may struggle with reading and spelling, while another loves books but can’t understand math. Still another child may have difficulty understanding what others are saying or communicating out loud. The problems are very different, but they are all learning disorders.
The following checklist lists some common red flags for learning disorders.

A.     Preschool signs and symptoms of learning disabilities

    Problems pronouncing words
    Trouble finding the right word
    Difficulty rhyming
    Trouble learning the alphabet, numbers, colors, shapes, days of the week
    Difficulty following directions or learning routines
    Difficulty controlling crayons, pencils, and scissors or coloring within the lines
    Trouble with buttons, zippers, snaps, learning to tie shoes

B.     Grades K-4 signs and symptoms of learning disabilities
    Trouble learning the connection between letters and sounds
    Unable to blend sounds to make words
    Confuses basic words when reading
    Consistently misspells words and makes frequent reading errors
    Trouble learning basic math concepts
    Difficulty telling time and remembering sequences
    Slow to learn new skills

C.     Grades 5-8 signs and symptoms of learning disabilities
    Difficulty with reading comprehension or math skills
    Trouble with open-ended test questions and word problems
    Dislikes reading and writing; avoids reading aloud
    Spells the same word differently in a single document
    Poor organizational skills (bedroom, homework, desk is messy and disorganized)
    Trouble following classroom discussions and expressing thoughts aloud
    Poor handwriting

How to deal with a learning disabled child?

         All children need love, encouragement, and support, and for kids with learning disabilities, such positive reinforcement can help ensure that they emerge with a strong sense of self-worth, confidence, and the determination to keep going even when things are tough. Your job as a parent is not to “cure” the learning disability, but to give your child the social and emotional tools he or she needs to work through challenges.

Talk to your child about learning disabilities

Children with learning disabilities must be assured that they are not dumb or lazy. They are intelligent people who have trouble learning because their minds process words or information differently. It is not easy to talk with your child about a disability that you do not fully understand. Be informed. It is important to be honest and optimistic-explain to your child that they struggle with learning, but that they can learn. Focus on your child's talents and strengths. Tell them you are confident that with effort and the right help they will be able to meet the challenge and succeed!

Focus on strengths, not just weaknesses:-
Your child is not defined by his or her learning disability. A learning disability represents one area of weakness, but there are many more areas of strengths. Focus on your child’s gifts and talents. Your child’s life—and schedule—shouldn’t revolve around the learning disability. Nurture the activities where he or she excels, and make plenty of time for them.

Identify how your child learns best
Is your child a visual learner, an auditory learner, or a kinesthetic learner? Once you’ve figured out how he or she learns best, you can take steps to make sure that type of learning is reinforced in the classroom and during home study.

Tips for visual learners:
  • Use books, videos, computers, visual aids, and flashcards.
  • Make detailed, color-coded or highlighted notes.
  • Make outlines, diagrams, and lists.
  • Use drawings and illustrations (preferably in color).
  • Take detailed notes in class.
Tips for auditory learners:
  • Read notes or study materials out loud.
  • Use word associations and verbal repetition to memorize.
  • Study with other students. Talk things through.
  • Listen to books on tape or other audio recordings.
  • Use a tape recorder to listen to lectures again later.
Tips for kinesthetic learners:
  • Get hands on. Do experiments and take field trips.
  • Use activity-based study tools, like role-playing or model building.
  • Study in small groups and take frequent breaks.
  • Use memory games and flash cards.
  • Study with music on in the background.
 Work on the relationship between letters and words. Teach younger children how to spell a few special words, such as their own names, the names of pets or favorite cartoon characters, or words they see frequently like stop or exit.
 Help your child understand that language is made up of sounds, syllables, and words. Sing songs and read rhyming books. Play word games; for instance, think of words that rhyme with dog or begin with p.
    Teach letter sounds. Sound out letters and words. Make up your own silly words with your child.
    Sound out new words and encourage your child to spell by speaking each sound aloud. Notice spelling patterns. Point out similarities between words, such as fall, ball, and hall or cat, fat, and hat.

Tips for helping with schoolwork

  • Show an interest in your child's homework. Inquire about the subjects and the work to be done. Ask questions that require answers longer than one or two words.
  • Help your child organize homework materials before beginning.
  • Establish a regular time with your child to do homework-developing a schedule helps avoid procrastination.
  • Find a specific place for your child to do homework that has lots of light, quiet, and plenty of work space.
  • Encourage your child to ask questions and search for answers, taking the time to figure out correct answers.
  • Make sure your child backs up answers with facts and evidence.
  • Practice school-taught skills at home.
  • Relate homework to your child's everyday life. For instance, teach fractions and measurements as you prepare a favorite food together.
  • Be a role model-take the opportunity to read a book or newspaper or write a letter while your child studies.
  • Praise your child for both the small steps and big leaps in the right direction.

Work as a team to help your child

         If the evaluation shows that your child has a learning disability, your child is eligible for special education services. If eligible, you will work with a team of professionals, including your child's teacher, to develop an Individualized Education Program (IEP). The IEP is a written document summarizing your child's current educational performance; annual goals and short-term objectives; nature and projected duration of your child's special services; and methods for evaluating progress. For students 16 years and older, an IEP must include a transition plan to move the student from school to the "real world."
If your child does not qualify for special education, it is still important for you to work with your child's teacher to develop an informal program that meets your child's learning needs. You are a vital part of your child's education!

 Manage Learning Disability with Homeopathy

A homeopath is one who is artistically trained to deal with a case related to mental and emotional plains. In case of learning disability a complete and detailed history should be figured out from the pregnancy period to the day (mental and physical health of the mother during delivery, type of delivery, cry after delivery, weight of the baby, milestone development, understanding, will, reactions to emotions….Etc).
            After case taking and assessments of learning disability the homeopath will explain the way of treatment and medication( constitutional medicine). The remedies will differ from person to person as it is figured out by individualization.
 I am going to give you some commonly prescribed medicine which should be taken by your homeopath’s advice.

·        Belladonna
·        Baryta carb
·        Calcarea carb
·        carcinosen
·        Silicea
·        Natrum muraticum
·        Phosphorus
·        Lycopodium
·        Hyosymus
·        Tuberculinum
·        Medorrhinum
·        Sulphur
·        Arsenic alb etc

References: www.helpguide.org

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  1. One final comment: Vaccines are usually to blame for learning disabilities, ADDH, Autism, etc., so they need detoxing out of the body using homeopathic medicine.

    1. Thank you Louise MW. I want you to visit http://olivehomeopathy.blogspot.in/2012/02/real-facts-about-vaccination-why-do.html

    2. Louise you are right on it. Vaccines only harm and not help. I am a clinical homeopath and was trained as CEASE certified practitioner in Holland with Dr. Tinus Smits to detoxify the body using CEASE therapy (isopathy & tautopathy),a form of homeopathy to detoxify my daughter as well as other patients from the affects of vaccinations and many other medications that mothers had taken before or during pregnancy with phenomenal results. Anyone interested to learn more about CEASE therapy. check out my website at www.healing4soul.com or visit facebook cease page at http://www.facebook.com/#!/CEASETherapyCalifornia?sk=wall to follow up and make comments. I think every parents out there should try CEASE therapy as it removes these toxins from the body without side affects homeopathically. All the best to all.....

  2. Thanks for the informative article. There are few well-known Special Educator For Learning Disability who provide special education in kolkata. Looking forward to more informative articles from you.